Standing at 19,341ft/5895m, Kilimanjaro is the largest mountain in Africa, and the largest free-standing mountain in the world.
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Lemosho: The Lemosho route approaches Kilimanjaro from the west. Rather than simply intersecting Shira Plateau (like Machame), Lemosho crosses it from Shira Ridge to Shira 2 Camp, in a pleasant hike. Climbers encounter low traffic until the route joins the Machame route.
Rongai: Although the scenery is not as varied as the western routes, Rongai makes up for this by passing through true wilderness areas for days before joining the Marangu route at Kibo camp. Rongai is a moderately difficult route, and is highly recommended, especially for those with less backpacking experience.
Machame: The Machame route is probably the most popular route these days and is also called "the whiskey route". This route is steeper than the Marangu and Rongai routes and physically more demanding and for that reason better suited for the more determined and fitter climbers.
Marangu: Nicknamed the "Coca-Cola" route due to the older days when Coke used to be bought along the way in tea huts. Often selected by unprepared, inexperienced climbers because of its reputation for being the "easiest" route, attributing to the lower success rate.
The shortest and cheapest route, but less time to acclimatize, therefore lower success rate.